Premiere on May 4th, 2021 in Théâtre de Vidy-Lausanne (Switzerland)

L’Étang was created in residency at Théâtre National de Bretagne in November 2020.


Based on the original work Der Teich (The Pond) by Robert Walser

To Kerstin


Concept, direction, scenography and dramaturgy Gisèle Vienne
Performed by Adèle Haenel and Ruth Vega Fernandez
Lights Yves Godin
Sound design Adrien Michel
Music direction Stephen F. O’Malley
Original music Stephen F. O’Malley and François J. Bonnet


Tour assistant Sophie Demeyer
Outside view Dennis Cooper and Anja Röttgerkamp


French translation Lucie Taïeb
From the German translation by Händl Klaus and Raphael Urweider (éd. Suhrkamp Verlag, 2014)


Collaboration to the scenography Maroussia Vaes
Conception of puppets Gisèle Vienne
Creation of puppets Raphaël Rubbens, Dorothéa Vienne-Pollak and Gisèle Vienne in collaboration with Théâtre National de Bretagne
Stage set production Nanterre-Amandiers CDN
Set and accessories Gisèle Vienne, Camille Queval and Guillaume Dumont
Costumes Gisèle Vienne et Camille Queval
Wig and make-up artist Mélanie Gerbeaux


Technical manager Richard Pierre
Sound engineer Adrien Michel and Mareike Trillhaas
Light manager Iannis Japiot and Samuel Dosière
Stage manager Antoine Hordé


Performance created in collaboration with Kerstin Daley-Baradel
Special thanks to Etienne Bideau-Rey, Nelson Canart, Patric Chiha, Zac Farley, Pauline Jakobiak, Jean-Paul
Vienne, César Van Looy


Production and touring Alma Office: Anne-Lise Gobin, Alix Sarrade, Camille Queval and Andrea Kerr
Administration Etienne Hunsinger & Giovanna Rua


Production DACM


Coproductions Nanterre-Amandiers CDN / Théâtre National de Bretagne / Maillon, Théâtre de Strasbourg – Scène
européenne / Holland Festival, Amsterdam / Fonds Transfabrik – Fonds franco-allemand pour le spectacle vivant / Centre Culturel André Malraux, Scène nationale de Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy / Comédie de Genève / La Filature, Scène nationale de Mulhouse / Le Manège, scène nationale – Reims / MC2: Grenoble / Ruhrtriennale / TANDEM Scène nationale / Kaserne Basel / International Summer Festival Kampnagel Hamburg / Festival d’Automne à Paris / théâtre Garonne, scène européenne – Toulouse / CCN2–Centre chorégraphique national de Grenoble / BIT Teatergarasjen, Bergen / Black Box teater, Oslo


With the support of CN D Centre national de la danse, La Colline – théâtre national and Théâtre Vidy-Lausanne


Thanks to Point Ephémère for putting their rehearsal space at our disposal and to Playroom, SMEM, Fribourg for their sound studio


Adaptation of an early work by the Swiss writer Robert Walser, L’Etang (The Pond) reveals an intricate
tale of filial love by distributing the roles between two actresses, Adèle Haenel and Ruth Vega Fernandez.



What drew you to this text by Robert Walser?
I admire Robert Walser’s writing. It was Klaus Händl, an Austrian writer and director, with whom I have an artistic
and personal rapport, who introduced me to this little-known text; in collaboration with Raphael Urweider, in 2014
he translated Der Teich (the Pond) from Swiss German to Standard German. It seemed obvious to me, first of all
based on an intuition, to stage this text, a disturbing questioning of feelings, order, disorder, and what constitutes
the norm—and the way that this family drama reflects the violence of the social norm inscribed in our bodies.


What did you see in the text, or between the lines, that made you want to adapt it?
It is a play that Walser wrote for his sister, a private text, that she revealed the existence of long after his death.
Back then it presumably never occurred to him that there would come a day when it would be staged, and that
this text would become something other than an intimate message addressed to his sister. It is still written with
eight scenes, characters, dialogues, and spaces that seem quite real. This theatre piece—which, despite its form,
may not actually be one—seems to me rather like the need for a communication too difficult to express in another
form. I also read it as a monologue in ten voices, an overwhelming inner experience. The possible space of
interpretation and staging, opened up by the text and the subtext offered by this writing, is vertiginous. The plays
that stimulate me the most are those that are not obvious to stage, and invite us to question our perception,
including through their formal difficulties.
L’Etang is the story of a boy who feels unloved by his mother and, at the highest point of his despair, pretends to
commit suicide in order to see her love for him one last time. The text is permeated by a confusion, a very strong
adolescent distress and a disconcerting sensuality. We find in L’Etang, as in all of Walser’s work, through
humorous, sensitive, and discreetly but frankly subversive writing, questions related to order, rules, respect for
them and a reassessment of them. This involves the relationship of the dominated, who always has the central
role in his work, to the dominant. The dominated one, apparently wise, is genuinely subversive. He always knows
the rules full well, but he turns them around, cannot follow them or, more often, doesn’t want to, and criticizes
them by pretending to follow them. The space for reflection that this text opens up to the staging must question
the order justified by a norm, the formal one of the theater and of the family. Like a varnished painting that cracks,
L’Etang opens out onto the game of abysses and chaos. There is something extremely exhilarating for me to be
around these abysses. I love live performance, exploring the present moment of reality in its density, at its most
vibrant, the intensification of experience and the emotional experience of time. And being alive is the opposite of
being anesthetized in our structures—it’s deeply and genuinely calling both those structures and our perception
into question.


How do these issues translate into staging?
By juxtaposing different levels of interpretation, which may even be in tension or contradict each other. By
juxtaposing different formal languages, that is to say, different hypotheses for reading the world. By provoking a
questioning of the signs deployed at the very heart of the staging and during its development. By undergoing
experiences where the body questions reason, by experimenting and provoking flaws and fissures in our reading
of the world because, as Bernard Rimé analyzes the issue in his inspiring text “Emotions at the service of Cultural
Construction”, “(…) emotions are states that signal flaws in the subject’s anticipation systems, or in other words,
in aspects of the subject’s models of how the world works.”
In my staging of L’Etang, to summarize, there are numerous levels of interpretation, three of which are the most
readily comprehensible. The first is the story itself as it is read literally. The second, which in my opinion is fairly
obvious, hypothesizes a person who imagines, fantasizes, hallucinates this story, in a way which more resembles
the experience that Walser himself could have of his text—with a staging that recalls our relationship to the
imagination, whose quality and density of impressions, and the perception we have of them, are erratic: certain
elements are extremely precise and vivid, while others are fuzzier or even absent. These differences in
perception can be visible, noticeable, in a variety of ways on stage, for example by means of different degrees of
physical embodiment and disembodiment. Also, through the various treatments of temporalities which is very
characteristic in our creation of movement, of music, light, and space, as well as the interpretation of the text, and
which in particular convey the sensory perception of time. The different temporalities participate in this layered
composition, which allows their formal articulation and the deployment of the experience of the present, between
the real and the fantasized, constituted in particular by memory, the past, and the anticipated future.
And then the third level, which is what we see if we don’t follow the conventions of the theater: two actresses in a
white box, Adèle Haenel and Ruth Vega Fernandez, who are performing this piece by Robert Walser. It’s always
quite surprising to discover that what one accepts as seen in relation to what is seen, is determined by the
conventions of reading. In theatre, the gaze is conditioned by our cultural constructions. And this is true outside
as well. We know this, and yet putting these constructions into perspective, and deconstructing them, is a
complex exercise.
Therefore I believe it essential to successfully call our perceptual habits into question.
Hoping that the artistic experience, the necessary creation of new forms, and thus of new readings and
experiences of the world, can allow us to question and shake up the pseudo-reality, the result of the creation of a
shared representation of reality, a social norm.


How did you conceive of the work on sound and music with Stephen O’Malley?
I see music everywhere: in the colors, the lines, the movements, the bodies, the text, the sounds … And this
directly influences my way of staging and choreography. Purely in terms of sound, what we hear first are the
amplified voices of Adèle Haenel and Ruth Vega Fernandez, who perform the text in a very intimate fashion
through a complex game of dissociation of voices. Adèle acts out the voice and body of Fritz, the boy in the main
role, as well as the voices of the other children and adolescents, which seem mute in the way that I represent
them. Ruth acts out the voices and bodies of the two mothers, the voice of the father, and occasionally more.
They also perform as themselves. This involves a vocal score for 10 voices, performed by two people.
The collaboration with Stephen O’Malley on my works has been going on now for thirteen years. This new
collaboration is therefore part of our longstanding artistic dialogue. The composition of music intrinsically follows
the process of creation, because in the composition of my pieces the music is put together in a close relationship
to the staging, just like space and light. Writing for the stage is for me the articulation of all the media on the
stage: all of them are present in a unified construction process from very beginning and evolve during rehearsals.
Stephen O’Malley’s original musical compositions, which are very much present throughout the play, also seem
to be part of Adèle’s and Ruth’s game, as extensions of their bodies. These musical components, just as much as
the original piece composed by François Bonnet, carry a very strong emotional charge; their material is visceral,
and the compositions work powerfully with both time and space.




This piece is created in memory of our very dear friend and collaborator, the actress Kerstin Daley Baradel, who
died in July 2019, and with whom we had developed this work so intimately.


Interview by Vincent Théval for the Paris Autumn Festival in 2019

Original soundtrack



Création sonore : Adrien Michel

Direction Musical: Stephen F. O’Malley

Musique originale : Stephen F. O’Malley, François J. Bonnet


DoubleN “The Ride”

Written, produced & mixed for Cosmos Productions.


Mother in Dreams (at Frau Kocher’s)*

By Stephen F. O’Malley

Orchestration: Owen Morgan Roberts

Cello: Judith Hamann, Lucy Railton

Double bass : Félicie Bazelaire, Benjamin Duboc

Recorded Studio Delta, Paris July 2019

Mix EMS, Stockholm August 2020


Smoking Mother*

By Stephen F. O’Malley

Recorded SMEM, Fribourg December 2018

Mix EMS, Stockholm August 2020


Khanate “Too Close Enough to Touch” (version)

Alan Dubin: Voice

Stephen O’Malley: Guitar

James Plotkin: Bass + synthesiser

Tim Wyskida: Percussion

Recorded Hawkin’s Loft, Brooklyn 2002-2003


Laurence Crane “Bobby J” (1999)

Performed by Alan Thomas

Recorded in Hoby, Leicestershire August 2013


Der Teich Final*

By François J. Bonnet

Recorded Paris 2019


*Indicates original composition for L’Etang

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